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Aloidendron tongaense (Tonga Tree Aloe)


Scientific Name

Aloidendron tongaense (van Jaarsv.) Klopper & Gideon F.Sm.

Common Names

Tonga Tree Aloe, Mozambique Tree Aloe, Medusa


Aloe tongaensis (basionym), Aloidendron tongaensis

Scientific Classification

Family: Asphodelaceae
Subfamily: Asphodeloideae
Tribe: Aloeae
Genus: Aloidendron


Aloidendron tongaense is a fork-branched, succulent tree with a rounded crown, up to 26 feet (8 m) high and about the same width. The main trunk is stout and up to 2.6 feet (80 cm) in diameter at the base. The leaf-bearing branches are up to 1.2 inches (3 cm) in diameter. The bark is grey. The leaves, about 20, are carried in rosettes at the branch ends. The inflorescence is branched like a candle-stick and up to 14 inches (35 cm) tall and up to 4 inches (20 cm) in diameter. The yellowish orange, tubular flowers are curved and up to 2 inches (5 cm) long.

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USDA hardiness zone 9a to 11b: from 20 °F (−6.7 °C) to 50 °F (+10 °C).

How to Grow and Care

Aloe is a very forgiving plant, and a well-grown plant can be quite beautiful. As with all succulents, it's essential that Aloe is never allowed to sit in stagnant water, and the plant should be carefully monitored to watch for signs of overwatering.

Aloe are not particularly fast-growing and will only rarely need repotting. Repot plants in the spring that are tipping over their pots or have ceased growing. Use a fast-draining potting mix with one-third sand or pebbles. During repotting of a larger plant, it is possible to carefully divide the root ball. Some kinds of Aloe will send off off-sets that can be potted independently.

It needs strong, bright light. They can withstand full summer sun, once acclimated. In the winter, provide bright light. It prefers warmer temperatures of 70 to 80 °F (21 to 27 °C), but will survive down to 40 °F (4.5 °C). Feed with a cactus fertilizer in the summer only. Suspend feeding in the winter as the plant goes dormant… – See more at: How to Grow and Care for Aloe


It is native to sandy tropical coastal forests at the border between Mozambique and South Africa.

Subspecies, Varieties, Forms, Cultivars and Hybrids


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