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Aloidendron tongaense (Tonga Tree Aloe)


Scientific Name

Aloidendron tongaense (van Jaarsv.) Klopper & Gideon F.Sm.

Common Names

Tonga Tree Aloe, Mozambique Tree Aloe, Medusa


Aloe tongaensis, Aloidendron tongaensis

Scientific Classification

Family: Asphodelaceae
Subfamily: Asphodeloideae
Tribe: Aloeae
Genus: Aloidendron


Aloidendron tongaense, formerly known as Aloe tongaensis, is a succulent tree with a rounded crown. It grows up to 26 feet (8 m) tall with an equal spread width. The main trunk is stout and up to 2.6 feet (80 cm) in diameter at the base. Leaf-bearing branches are up to 1.2 inches (3 cm) in diameter. Leaves are carried in rosettes at the branch ends. The inflorescence is branched, up to 14 inches (35 cm) tall, and up to 4 inches (20 cm) in diameter. Flowers are yellowish-orange, tubular, and up to 2 inches (5 cm) long.

Aloidendron tongaense (Tonga Tree Aloe) aka Aloe tongaensis

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USDA hardiness zones 9a to 11b: from 20 °F (−6.7 °C) to 50 °F (+10 °C).

How to Grow and Care

Aloe is a very forgiving plant, and a well-grown plant can be quite beautiful. As with all succulents, Aloe must never be allowed to sit in stagnant water, and the plant should be carefully monitored to watch for signs of overwatering.

These succulents are not particularly fast-growing and will only rarely need repotting. In the spring, repot Aloes that are tipping over their pots or have ceased growing. Use a fast-draining potting mix with one-third sand or pebbles. During repotting of a larger plant, it is possible to divide the root ball carefully. Some varieties of Aloe will send off offsets that can be potted independently.

Aloe plants need strong, bright light. They can withstand full summer sun once acclimated. In the winter, provide bright light. It prefers warmer temperatures of 70 to 80 °F (21 to 27 °C) but will survive down to 40 °F (4.5 °C). Feed with a succulent fertilizer in the summer only. Suspend feeding in the winter as the plant goes dormant.

Learn more at How to Grow and Care for Aloe.


Aloidendron tongaense is native to sandy tropical coastal forests at the border between Mozambique and South Africa.



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