Aeonium canariense subsp. latifolium (Burchard) Bañares
Aeonium canariense var. subplanum, Aeonium subplanum, Sempervivum canariense subsp. latifolium
This subspecies is native to the Canary Islands (La Gomera). It is abundant within the forest and on humid walls located on the northern slopes of the island and sporadically in cool southern hillsides, ranging from almost sea level to 3,280 feet (1,000 m).
Aeonium canariense subsp. latifolium, formerly known as Aeonium canariense var. subplanum, is a succulent plant that forms a large, flattish, usually solitary rosette of velvety, green, overlapping leaves. The rosette grows up to 24 inches (60 cm) in diameter. Leaves are fleshy, spoon-shaped with an oval apex, and covered with tiny glandular hairs. Flowers are yellow, star-shaped, 10 to 12-merous, about 0.8 inches (2 cm) across, and appear in a large conical inflorescence in spring. The inflorescence is up to 12 inches (30 cm) tall and 11.2 inches (28 cm) in diameter. The rosette dies after blooming.
The subspecific epithet "latifolium (lat-ee-FOH-lee-um)" means "broad-leaved" and refers to the broad apex of the leaves.
How to Grow and Care for Aeonium canariense subsp. latifolium
Light: A. canariense subsp. latifolium grows best in full sun to partial shade. Indoors, give it bright indirect light as much as possible. A leggy, stretched plant is a sign of not getting enough light.
Soil: While most succulents do well when planted in a potting mix specifically formulated for succulents, sandy loam or regular potting mix amended with perlite is better for A. canariense subsp. latifolium because it requires some more moisture.
Temperature: This succulent does not like hot or dry weather and may go dormant in summer. It prefers temperatures between 65 and 75 °F (18 and 24 °C). A. canariense subsp. latifolium can withstand temperatures as low as 30 °F (-1.1 °C). USDA Plant Hardiness Zones 10a to 11b, 30 to 50 °F (-1.1 to 10 °C).
Watering: A. canariense subsp. latifolium requires more water than most succulents, but too much moisture will lead to root rot. In spring and fall, water the plant thoroughly, then allow the soil to dry out before watering again. Water more sparingly in winter. The plant does not need to be watered during its dormancy in summer except in arid conditions.
Fertilizing: Feed your plant during the growing season with a half-strength balanced fertilizer once a month. Do not feed A. canariense subsp. latifolium when it is dormant in the summer months.
Repotting: If you are growing A. canariense subsp. latifolium in a container, repot every two to three years with fresh potting soil. Choose a container with drainage holes to avoid standing water and root rot.
Propagation: Since it rarely produces offsets, A. canariense subsp. latifolium is usually propagated by seed. Sow the seeds in spring.
Learn more at How to Grow and Care for Aeonium.
Toxicity of Aeonium canariense subsp. latifolium
A. canariense subsp. latifolium is non-toxic to humans and animals.
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