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Lophophora williamsii – Peyote

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Scientific Name

Lophophora williamsii (Lem.) J.M.Coult.

Common Names

Peyote, Peyōtl, Cactus Pudding, Devil’s-Root, Diabolic-Root, Divine Cactus, Dry-Whiskey, Dumpling Cactus, Indian-Dope, Mescal-Button, Mescal-Buttons, Turnip Cactus, Whiskey Cactus, White-Mule

Synonyms

Echinocactus lewinii, Lophophora williamsii var. lutea, Echinocactus williamsii, Mammillaria lewinii, Lophophora williamsii var. lewinii, Lophophora lewinii, Anhalonium lewinii, Lophophora jourdaniana, Lophophora fricii, Lophophora williamsii var. echinata, Lophophora echinata, Lophophora lutea, Anhalonium williamsii, Lophophora williamsii var. fricii

Scientific Classification

Family: Cactaceae
Subfamily: Cactoideae
Tribe: Cacteae
Genus: Lophophora

Description

Lophophora williamsii is a solitary spineless cactus with blue-green, yellow-green or sometimes reddish green stem. It is very succulent, globular, top-shaped, up to 3 inches (7.5 cm) tall and up to 5 inches (12.5 cm) diameter, with a woolly top. Round spineless areoles, bearing flowers only when young with some bunches of long erect, matted, wooly greyish hairs, up to 0.4 inch (1 cm) long. Peyote has pink or white to slightly yellowish, sometimes reddish flowers, up to 1 inch (2.5 cm) across. The fruit is club-shaped, red to pinkish, up to 0.8 inch (2 cm) long.

Lophophora williamsii - Peyote Devil's-Root Mescal-Button

Hardiness

USDA hardiness zone 10a to 11b: from 30 °F (−1.1 °C) to 50 °F (+10 °C).

How to Grow and Care

Lophophora is more tolerant of soil types than its relatives, and typically grows in areas which have decomposed limestone present in the soil. In cultivation, Lophophora does best in a fast draining mineral based soil which is about two thirds sand. Abundant water is beneficial in the summer months when the temperatures are over 90 °F (32 °C) and exposed to full sunlight for maximum growth, but must be allowed to dry out completely between waterings. They should also be fertilized twice a year. Over fertilizing will typically result in the Lophophora developing cracks and splitting. – See more at: How to Grow and Care for Lophophora.

Origin

Peyote is native to southwestern Texas and Mexico.

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